Lysomal Storage Disorder

The Boa Constrictor

Pompe Disease

Pompe disease (also referred to as glycogenosis type II or acid maltase deficiency) is a rare, inherited metabolic disease caused by a deficiency of the enzyme acid glucosidase. This deficiency results in a progressive accumulation of glycogen in the lysosomes. Complete deficiency of this enzyme causes a pronounced cardiomyopathy, muscle weakness and feeding problems already during the first months of life. Without treatment, the children die in the first year of life. With residual enzyme activity a milder course of the disease is seen, charatcerized by increasing muscle weakness and/or breathing problems during adolescence and adulthood. Examination of blood samples shows increased activity of creatinine kinase (CK) and of liver enzymes.

Pompe Disease | SphinCS - Clinical Science for LSD

Synonym: Glycogen storage disease type II
Etiology: Deficiency of acid alpha-1,4-glucosidase
Gene: GAA Gene
Mode of inheritance: Autosomal recessive

  • Infantile form
  • Late-onset form 

Leading symptoms

Infantile form
(Age of onset: first months of life)

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Muscular hypotonia „floppy infant“
  • Respiratory insufficiency
  • Psychomotor development delay/ arrest

Late-onset form
(Age of onset: variable, from childhood to adulthood)

  • Progressive proximale muscle weakness
  • Diaphragm weakness
  • Respiratory insufficiency
  • Sleep apnea


  • Diagnostics: - Measurement of the activity of acid alpha-1,4-glucosidase in lymphocytes or dried blood spot

  • Molecular genetic analysis of GAA Gene


Alglucosidase alfa (Myozyme®)

Current Studies

The "U.S. National Library of Medicine" provides a complete list of all international studies at The comparable EU website is less comprehensive:

Self-help groups

Pompe Deutschland e.V.

At the moment we are not aware of any self-help groups.


Boentert, M., N. Karabul, S. Wenninger, B. Stubbe-Drager, E. Mengel, B. Schoser, and P. Young

Sleep-Related Symptoms and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Adult Pompe Disease

Byrne, B. J., T. Geberhiwot, B. A. Barshop, R. Barohn, D. Hughes, D. Bratkovic, C. Desnuelle, P. Laforet, E. Mengel, M. Roberts, P. Haroldsen, K. Reilley, K. Jayaram, K. Yang, L. Walsh, and P. O. M. Investigators

A Study on the Safety and Efficacy of Reveglucosidase Alfa in Patients with Late-Onset Pompe Disease

Chien, Y. H., A. van der Ploeg, S. Jones, B. Byrne, A. Vellodi, N. Leslie, E. Mengel, S. P. Shankar, P. Tanpaiboon, D. W. Stockton, J. B. Hennermann, Z. Devecseri, J. Kempf, J. Keutzer, and P. Kishnani

Survival and Developmental Milestones among Pompe Registry Patients with Classic Infantile-Onset Pompe Disease with Different Timing of Initiation of Treatment with Enzyme Replacement Therapy

El-Gharbawy, A. H., G. Bhat, J. E. Murillo, B. L. Thurberg, C. Kampmann, K. E. Mengel, and P. S. Kishnani

Expanding the Clinical Spectrum of Late-Onset Pompe Disease: Dilated Arteriopathy Involving the Thoracic Aorta, a Novel Vascular Phenotype Uncovered

Gokce, S., N. Karabul, J. B. Hennermann, and E. Mengel

Motor Development in Infantile Pompe Disease

Hahn, A., J. B. Hennermann, M. Huemer, C. Kampmann, T. Marquardt, E. Mengel, W. Muller-Felber, N. Muschol, M. Rohrbach, and F. Stehling

Diagnosis and Care of Infants and Children with Pompe Disease

Hahn, A., S. Praetorius, N. Karabul, J. Diessel, D. Schmidt, R. Motz, C. Haase, M. Baethmann, J. B. Hennermann, M. Smitka, R. Santer, N. Muschol, A. Meyer, T. Marquardt, M. Huemer, C. Thiels, M. Rohrbach, G. Seyfullah, and E. Mengel

Outcome of Patients with Classical Infantile Pompe Disease Receiving Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Germany

Hauser, F., S. Gokce, G. Werner, S. Danckwardt, S. Sollfrank, C. Neukirch, V. Beyer, J. B. Hennermann, K. J. Lackner, E. Mengel, and H. Rossmann

A Non-Invasive Diagnostic Assay for Rapid Detection and Characterization of Aberrant Mrna-Splicing by Nonsense Mediated Decay Inhibition

Herzog, A., R. Hartung, A. J. Reuser, P. Hermanns, H. Runz, N. Karabul, S. Gokce, J. Pohlenz, C. Kampmann, C. Lampe, M. Beck, and E. Mengel

A Cross-Sectional Single-Centre Study on the Spectrum of Pompe Disease, German Patients: Molecular Analysis of the Gaa Gene, Manifestation and Genotype-Phenotype Correlations

Karabul, N., J. Berndt, C. Kornblum, R. A. Kley, S. Wenninger, N. Tiling, E. Mengel, U. Plockinger, M. Vorgerd, M. Deschauer, B. Schoser, and F. Hanisch

Pregnancy and Delivery in Women with Pompe Disease

Karabul, N., A. Skudlarek, J. Berndt, C. Kornblum, R. A. Kley, S. Wenninger, N. Tiling, E. Mengel, U. Plockinger, M. Vorgerd, M. Deschauer, B. Schoser, and F. Hanisch

Urge Incontinence and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adult Patients with Pompe Disease: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Karabul, N., A. Skudlarek, J. Berndt, C. Kornblum, R. A. Kley, S. Wenninger, N. Tiling, E. Mengel, U. Plockinger, M. Vorgerd, M. Deschauer, B. Schoser, and F. Hanisch

Urge Incontinence and Gastrointestinal Symptoms in Adult Patients with Pompe Disease: A Cross-Sectional Survey

Lagler, F. B., A. Moder, M. Rohrbach, J. Hennermann, E. Mengel, S. Gokce, T. Hundsberger, K. M. Rosler, N. Karabul, and M. Huemer

Extent, Impact, and Predictors of Diagnostic Delay in Pompe Disease: A Combined Survey Approach to Unveil the Diagnostic Odyssey

Lollert, A., C. Stihl, A. M. Hotker, E. Mengel, J. Konig, K. Laudemann, S. Gokce, C. Duber, and G. Staatz

Quantification of Intramuscular Fat in Patients with Late-Onset Pompe Disease by Conventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging for the Long-Term Follow-up of Enzyme Replacement Therapy

Lukacs, Z., P. Nieves Cobos, E. Mengel, R. Hartung, M. Beck, M. Deschauer, A. Keil, and R. Santer

Diagnostic Efficacy of the Fluorometric Determination of Enzyme Activity for Pompe Disease from Dried Blood Specimens Compared with Lymphocytes-Possibility for Newborn Screening

Pena, L. D. M., R. J. Barohn, B. J. Byrne, C. Desnuelle, O. Goker-Alpan, S. Ladha, P. Laforet, K. E. Mengel, A. Pestronk, J. Pouget, B. Schoser, V. Straub, J. Trivedi, P. Van Damme, J. Vissing, P. Young, K. Kacena, R. Shafi, B. L. Thurberg, K. Culm-Merdek, A. T. van der Ploeg, and N. E. O. Investigator Group

Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics, Pharmacodynamics, and Exploratory Efficacy of the Novel Enzyme Replacement Therapy Avalglucosidase Alfa (Neogaa) in Treatment-Naive and Alglucosidase Alfa-Treated Patients with Late-Onset Pompe Disease: A Phase 1, O

Pompe Disease Diagnostic Working, Group, B. Winchester, D. Bali, O. A. Bodamer, C. Caillaud, E. Christensen, A. Cooper, E. Cupler, M. Deschauer, K. Fumic, M. Jackson, P. Kishnani, L. Lacerda, J. Ledvinova, A. Lugowska, Z. Lukacs, I. Maire, H. Mandel, E. Mengel, W. Muller-Felber, M. Piraud, A. Reuser, T. Rupar, I. Sinigerska, M. Szlago, F. Verheijen, O. P. van Diggelen, B. Wuyts, E. Zakharova, and J. Keutzer

Methods for a Prompt and Reliable Laboratory Diagnosis of Pompe Disease: Report from an International Consensus Meeting

Regnery, C., C. Kornblum, F. Hanisch, S. Vielhaber, N. Strigl-Pill, B. Grunert, W. Muller-Felber, F. X. Glocker, M. Spranger, M. Deschauer, E. Mengel, and B. Schoser

36 Months Observational Clinical Study of 38 Adult Pompe Disease Patients under Alglucosidase Alfa Enzyme Replacement Therapy

Schanzer, A., A. K. Kaiser, C. Muhlfeld, M. Kulessa, W. Paulus, H. von Pein, M. Rohrbach, L. Viergutz, E. Mengel, T. Marquardt, B. Neubauer, T. Acker, and A. Hahn

Quantification of Muscle Pathology in Infantile Pompe Disease

Schuller, A., C. Kornblum, M. Deschauer, M. Vorgerd, B. Schrank, E. Mengel, Z. Lukacs, D. Glaser, P. Young, U. Plockinger, and B. Schoser

Diagnosis and Therapy of Late Onset Pompe Disease

Strothotte, S., N. Strigl-Pill, B. Grunert, C. Kornblum, K. Eger, C. Wessig, M. Deschauer, F. Breunig, F. X. Glocker, S. Vielhaber, A. Brejova, M. Hilz, K. Reiners, W. Muller-Felber, E. Mengel, M. Spranger, and B. Schoser

Enzyme Replacement Therapy with Alglucosidase Alfa in 44 Patients with Late-Onset Glycogen Storage Disease Type 2: 12-Month Results of an Observational Clinical Trial

van Capelle, C. I., J. C. van der Meijden, J. M. van den Hout, J. Jaeken, M. Baethmann, T. Voit, M. A. Kroos, T. G. Derks, M. E. Rubio-Gozalbo, M. A. Willemsen, R. H. Lachmann, E. Mengel, H. Michelakakis, J. C. de Jongste, A. J. Reuser, and A. T. van der Ploeg

Childhood Pompe Disease: Clinical Spectrum and Genotype in 31 Patients

At present we have no literature available.